Jane Knight :高等教育国际化的收益、风险与非预期后果
Internationalization: Benefits, Risks and Unintended Consequences
As we progress into the 21st century, the international dimension of higher education is becoming increasingly important, and at the same time more complex. During the last decade internationalization has become a formidable force for change. This presentation examines new developments in internationalization related to student mobility, quality assurance and accreditation, joint and double degrees, international rankings and regional education hubs. While the benefits are numerous, there are also new risks and unintended consequences. These can include the brain train effect, diploma mills, commercialization and commodification of cross-border education, unequal access, and cultural homogenization. These new developments illustrate that it is necessary to stay alert to unexpected twists and turns along the road to internationalization, since nothing unfolds entirely as expected. As internationalization matures it is important to monitor intended and unintended results so that benefits to individuals, institutions, nations and society outweigh the risks, both now and in the future.
Prof. Jane Knight is an adjunct professor at Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. She focuses her research and professional interests on the international dimension of higher education at the institutional, system, national and international levels. Her work in many countries of the world helps to bring a comparative, development and international policy perspective to her research. In addition to her involvement with regional comparative studies of international education (Latin America, Asia Pacific, North America, Europe) with OECD and the World Bank, she is currently examining key policy issues such as cross-border education, trade agreements, brain drain and strategic alliances.